Archive Access Policy
Excellence in patient care is dependent on the availability of sound evidence that is based on clinical relevant research, conducted using robust methodologies. Evidence based nursing practice requires the integration of the individual nurse’s clinical expertise, patients’ values and preferences and the best available research evidence into decisions on patient care. To implement evidence based practice nurses must possess skills in identifying relevant resources, conducting systematic search of literature, appraising the evidence for its validity and applicability, integrating evidence into clinical practice and evaluating patient outcomes. Generally nurses have been found to have a positive attitude towards evidence based practice. However, barriers such as lack of time, inability to understand and interpret research findings, lack of resources and inadequate information literacy skills have prevented widespread implementation of evidence based practice to improve the quality of patient care. In order for nurses to fulfill their potential to provide excellence in patient care, emphasis must be given to building nursing research capacity, improving the research infrastructure and creating a culture in nursing that values research.